Euro sinks more than 1% after ECB rate hike, U.S. GDP data

The euro dropped more than 1% on Thursday, falling back below parity with the dollar, after the European Central Bank (ECB) raised interest rates and U.S. data showed that the world’s biggest economy rebounded more than expected in the third quarter.

The ECB raised its deposit rate by 75 basis points to 1.5%, the highest since 2009, in an effort to prevent rapid price growth from becoming entrenched. Further rate hikes are almost certain, but with a weakening economy, the pace is up for debate.

While risks to the euro zone’s growth outlook had shifted to the downside, the central bank has made substantial progress in removing monetary accommodation through three consecutive rate increases, ECB President Christine Lagarde said at a news conference.

“Overall, Lagarde seems to have indicated a pivot without explicitly saying as much,” foreign exchange strategists at TD Securities said.

The euro fell from a one-month high of $1.0094 versus the dollar earlier in the day to back below parity with the greenback after the ECB rate decision. The single currency was down 1.1% at 0.9969 at 3:20 p.m. EDT (1920 GMT).

The greenback strengthened after data showed that U.S. gross domestic product rose at a 2.6% annualized rate last quarter, ending two straight quarterly decreases in output that had raised concerns the economy was in recession.

Economists poll had forecast GDP growth would rebound at a 2.4% rate.

The stronger-than-expected GDP figures followed a raft of weaker-than-forecast economic data in recent weeks that had raised concerns about the impact of the Federal Reserve’s aggressive interest rate increases on the economy.

“Despite the shiny headline number, a look under the hood shows a much grimmer picture of the U.S. economy, one that is clearly losing steam,” said Sal Guatieri, a senior economist at BMO Capital Markets in Toronto.

“With the full effect of past and future Fed rate hikes still to be felt, the economy appears poised for a modest downturn in the first half of next year,” he said.

The Fed is expected to raise its benchmark overnight interest rate by 75 basis points to 1.5%, a 13-year high, at its Nov. 1-2 policy meeting It is also likely to reel in a key subsidy to commercial banks.

Speculation that the Fed will pivot from its hawkish stance starting at its December policy meeting had caused the greenback to decline in recent days and Thursday’s bounceback was natural, analysts said.

“A bit of profit-taking at this level is not unheard of,” said Alvin Tan, head of Asia FX strategy at RBC Capital Markets. “Since Monday, the euro-dollar has gone up around 2.2%, so we’ve had quite a big move in the dollar over the last two days.”

The British pound was down 0.58% against the greenback to $1.1559 following a two-day rally on the back of Rishi Sunak’s appointment as the United Kingdom’s prime minister.

Japan’s yen rose 0.14% to 146.19 to the dollar.

Trading in the Japanese currency has been volatile after suspected interventions by the government to boost the ailing currency on Friday and Monday.

On Wednesday, the Bank of Canada announced a smaller-than-expected interest rate hike of 50 basis points. The move has made investors even more alert to signs that the Fed and ECB might be slowing their tightening down.

The Canadian dollar last traded 0.03% lower at 1.3557 per U.S. dollar.